The City of Vancouver Archives has, I think, mistakenly identified this image as being from ca1900. I believe that this, in fact, is a few years older – from ca1894.
Two clues led me to this conclusion:
By 1900, Vancouver High School had been incorporated as a college of McGill University. There is no mention on the image of the McGill University relationship; it seems to me doubtful that the McGill connection would be unmentioned on a document if it had already been established.
There is a mismatch between the faculty who are identified in the image and faculty listed in the calendar of Vancouver College of McGill University: Session 1900-1901. According to the calendar, Miss Hunt taught modern languages in that year; but Hunt does not appear in the image. However, the faculty shown in the image do match those in the calendar listing for 1894-95 (and that appears to be the only calendar faculty list which matches exactly those shown in the image).
A note about the early Course of Study/Calendar documents: they include admission exams and promotion exams which make humbling reading. It is amazing to me what breadth and depth of knowledge was expected of Vancouver High School students both before and after there was a connection with McGill.
UBC was not created in a single sweeping act. It came to be in piecemeal fashion. Vancouver High School (shown below in its first incarnation at corner of Dunsmuir and Cambie, with Central School in the background) was where UBC had its start. B.C. passed legislation which allowed the province’s high schools to affiliate with Canadian universities. Accordingly, VHS in 1899 incorporated as Vancouver College of McGill University. Further legislation in 1906 created McGill University College of B.C. , which operated until 1915. Affiliations with Vancouver College were severed upon creation of Mcgill University College.
Finally, in 1908, the province enacted legislation creating a university which became known as the University of British Columbia or UBC.
The story of UBC’s creation and physical establishment in Point Grey was just started, however. For more details see here.
The corner across from Pigeon Park (or, more formally, Pioneer Square) is shown below in two images: the first was made sometime in the first decade of the 20th century; the second in 1926. This is the northeast corner of Carrall Street at Hastings.
Although it is hard to distinguish trolley tracks in the 190- image, they are there (as also in 1926). A difference, traffic-wise, however, is how little there is in the first image. No automobiles are present here, indeed there is no evidence of non-pedestrian traffic. (If there had been vehicles in the 190- photo, however, they would have been driving on the left side of the street. It wasn’t until January, 1922 that right-side-driving came to B.C.) One other traffic-related point is worth noting. In the 1926 image, you can just make out (if you click on the image, to enlarge it) in front of the United Cigar Store entry, a portable stop/go sign which a police constable could drag out to the intersection to simplify the task of directing traffic.
The two-storey structure on the corner of both images is the Templeton Block (built ca 1895; enlarged in 1900s). The principal tenants in 190- were the Mint Saloon and McTaggart & Moscrop Hardware. A little further to the left (north on Carrall) is a sign indicating that there is a bookstore there (probably part of Bright Stationery Co.) On the Hastings side of the corner, just past the Mint’s entry, I cannot make out the lettering on the signage, but according to the 1905 BC Directory, there were store fronts for a harness maker, a confectioner, and a purveyor of ladies underwear. There was no Dodson Rooms in the 1905 Directory (nor in the first image), but there was a baker by the name of Joseph Dodson at 27 E. Hastings – presumably after whom Dodson Rooms ultimately was named. Dodson Rooms is the 5-storey building visible east of the Templeton corner at 25 E. Hastings (on whose wall, the word “Bakery” is advertised – the Dodson Bakery, I presume, which was still at its earlier address).
This image was made shortly after completion of the Burrard Bridge, to the east in background. The bridge behind Burrard Bridge is most likely the former railway trestle bridge crossing false creek (now gone). Behind the trestle is the Granville Bridge (the one previous to the current bridge).
The beach was referred to in some quarters as the Kitsilano Indian Reserve Beach (for obvious reasons; Seaforth Armoury at the south end of the Burrard Bridge was also built on the Kitsilano Reserve). Today it is known simply as Kits Beach or Vanier Park.
This image appears to have been shot on Dunsmuir Street, facing west towards Granville. The Bank of Montreal building at the time was located on the northeast corner of Granville at Dunsmuir and is the castle-like structure visible behind the float. The Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners fought for (and won for its members, during a strike) a 9-hour working day. For details on the history of the Amalgamated Society (and later representatives of these trades), see this link. For more on Labour Day and organized labour celebrations generally, this is a helpful article.
Note that the sidewalk on Dunsmuir Street in the image above (1903) consisted of wooden plank structures, apparently petering out part way between Granville and Seymour Streets! These wooden sidewalks were the norm in early Vancouver, evidently. This is how Mrs. J. Z. Hall remembered early Granville Street (when speaking with Vancouver’s first archivist, J. S. Matthews, in 1931):
Of course, the sidewalks on Granville Street were three planks, and you had to watch out. At the Hotel Vancouver they were four or five feet above ground, and we had to be careful when wheeling the baby carriages—we wheeled our babies then—or you would tip baby and all, over. We used to hide our things under the sidewalks. Go to church on Sunday, and leave all your stuff under the sidewalk, and pick it up when you came out. (Matthews, Early Vancouver, Vol 1, p. 24)
My curiosity is piqued as to just what sorts of “stuff” Mrs. Hall and others hid beneath the plank sidewalks before Sunday services.
The following article was written for the 125th anniversary of First Baptist Church in 2012. It was one in a series called “Who Was Who in the Pew”. It is reproduced below with a couple of minor edits, but is substantially identical to the original. —
Eliza Chalk’s brief moment of fame at First Baptist Church came on September 4, 1917. Nearly two years after her death.
A single paragraph in the minutes of the Board of Deacons meeting on that date reads: Mr. Morgan mention (sic) that the taxes on the lot left the church by Miss Chalk would have to be paid otherwise it would be sold at the tax sale. It was thought best to let it go as it was not worth what was against it.
This minute, which takes about one-quarter of a minute to read, piqued my curiosity about Miss Chalk and her gift to First Baptist. A gift which, apparently, the church did not accept.
Eliza Chalk was born in England on March 13, 1862. She was raised by her father (a widower) in the town of Taunton with her sister and two brothers. She emigrated to Canada in 1906.
The 1911 census records show her as a lodger at that time with Owen and Mary Fuller and their family at 2395 West 6th Avenue. The Fullers and Miss Chalk identified themselves as Baptists. I suspect she was a live-in maid for the Fullers, who had four youngsters at the time. The Fullers were members at First, and it is possible that they were Eliza’s initial connection to the church.
That Miss Chalk became a property owner is remarkable. Her lot was located in the community of South Vancouver at 6438 Ontario Street. This is just north of 49th Avenue – near the geographic centre of the City of Vancouver, today (scarcely a block from Langara College) – but in 1915, it would not have been an exaggeration to refer to this area as “the sticks”. When she bought the property, it could not have been worth much. But given Eliza’s probable monthly wage of roughly $30/month, she must truly have been a first-class scrimper and saver to have made any real estate down-payment.*
Eliza suffered from a condition known as “cardiac dropsy”, what is known today as “cardiac endema”, and it seems she ultimately died from this condition at the relatively young age of 53 – just 2.5 months after buying her lot.
Eliza’s name does not appear in the membership rolls of First Baptist. Indeed, aside from the paragraph in the minute book of the Board of Deacons, I couldn’t find any reference to her in any of the church’s official documents. It seems safe to conclude that she was an “adherent” at FBC. We did not use that term in Eliza’s time, however. When referring to someone who was not a member, we’d often use the term “stranger”.
Thankfully, Eliza did not consider the congregation at First Baptist Church to be strangers. She apparently considered us “family”.
*Star Rosenthal. “Union Maids: Organized Women Workers in Vancouver, 1900-1915. BC Studies. No. 41 (Spring 1979), 53.
Other Sources: Ancestry (Library Edition); BC Vital Statistics: Death Records (microfiche); and the dedicated staff of reference librarians at Vancouver Public Library ( especially the Special Collections staff at Central Branch).
There was a four-day fundraiser called the War Dance and Carnival held May, 1917 on the Cambie Street Grounds and the adjacent ‘old’ Georgia Street Viaduct. The Carnival was sponsored by the B.C. Commercial Travellers’ Association in aid of four charities: the Red Cross Material Fund, the return of soldiers from the Great War, the Canadian Patriotic Fund, and the Royal Naval Service Fund. Entertainment at the Carnival included singing, dancing, fireworks, and acts including that by Harry Gardiner, “the Human Fly”.
The “official photographer” of the Carnival was pro photographer, Stuart Thomson (shown below in front of his studio at the corner of Georgia at Richards; he is the one standing on the tailgate of the automobile).
However, we are indebted to James Crookall, an enthusiastic and fine amateur photographer for most of the the scenes of the Carnival itself. I will be showing all of Crookall’s images of the event that are available online at the City of Vancouver Archives and will remark on each.
Far left, a person is dressed in what appears to be a Polynesian grass skirt.
Beatty St. Drill Hall is in the background at left (the banner hanging from the upper part of the drill hall indicates it’s the regimental home of the DCOR (Duke of Connaught’s Own Rifles).
Few of the banners announcing sideshows are legible. The one on left announces “Taking a Wife” at the top. The third from the right reads “Igorot” at the top . Fourth banner announces “Head Hunters” and seems to say “Dance of Victory” at bottom. None of the other banners are readable by me.
There is a sign affixed to the lamp post at far right announcing that there is a “Ladies’ Rest Room” (the smaller print below is not readable by me, although I assume it indicates where the rest room is located). Judging by the cross in the center of the sign, it appears that the rest room was a service offered by the Red Cross. For more information regarding the state of “public conveniences” in early Vancouver, see this fascinating article.
This is one of two images by Crookall of the entry to the carnival. Tickets were purchased (just out of the frame to the left) and then bills could be exchanged for “change” for rides and other events within.
On the far left, there is a sign posted to the wooden fence which announces that the “official photographer” is Stuart Thomson; his business address appears on the sign. What the posted sign says that is adjacent and to the right of Thomson’s sign, I do not know.
There appears to be a figure walking on a high wire over the Cambie St Grounds. Could this be Harry Gardiner, “the Human Fly”?
The camera, in this image is facing east (toward the Drill Hall); further evidence is the ‘punny’ “Western Front” sign announcing the carnival’s western gate beneath it. This is a wider view of the ticket gate noted earlier.
Shows the Red Cross booth. This appears to have been located somewhere on the Georgia Street Viaduct (given the lamp post behind the booth and left); it bears a strong resemblance to Viaduct lamp posts (see also next image for more lamp posts).
There is a sign posted on the left side of the booth pertaining to a “university platoon”. What this means, is unknown to me; the other words on the sign are unclear.
The camera appears, in this photo, to be facing southwest (the Vancouver Block and Hotel Vancouver #2 are visible to the right of the image; the Beatty Street Drill Hall is nearer to the centre/right of the photo) and looking across the ‘old’ Georgia Viaduct. The viaduct was closed to vehicle traffic during the carnival.
Note the streetcar tracks on the Viaduct; they were installed when the viaduct was constructed, but were never used (for safety reasons; the original viaduct was very poorly constructed).
In this photo, the camera is facing northeast; the Georgia Viaduct is visible behind the “Ice Cream and Soft Drinks” sign.
Note that the entry to this section of the carnival (with a more military tone to it with military engineering tents dominating the scene) has been decorated, apparently, to create a (sanitized) sense of walking within a ‘trench’, similar to those in which our ‘boys’ were doing in Europe. There are two sentries standing at attention (bottom right) with bayonets unsheathed!
There is building with an Asian-styled roof, and a partly legible sign on it indicating that there are Chinese “noodles” and “tea” to be had within.
A sign at center-left announces “Graffort & Burtons Colored Musical Comedy and Minstrel Show”, including the drama of “Madam Eudora Burton”.
To the right of the ferris wheel is a sign that reads “Ladies”. Near there, it seems safe to conclude, is where the Ladies’ Rest Room was located.
To the far right is a tent with the annoucement on it “Your Picture Made.” This, I assume, was where Stuart Thomson, the “official photographer” of the carnival, was hanging his shingle for the duration of the carnival.
This is a wider perspective of the earlier image showing the ferris wheel. The photographer seems to be standing just outside of the carnival site.
The more complete Stuart Thomson sig apparently reads “Your Picture Made: While You Wait” (no small promise in 1917).
I suspect that this very well-attended event is the crowning of Miss Vancouver (see below).
A song was commissioned of Wilson MacDonald for the carnival. It was called (unoriginally), “Song of the Carnival”. Josie Siddons was crowned “Miss Vancouver” at the Carnival; her portrait appeared on the cover of the sheet music.
This HDR image is one I made about a year ago when I was feeling particularly sorrowful for the loss of the predecessor of the current Hotel Vancouver – the much more architecturally interesting hotel that was located two blocks east of its present location, where the TD Tower (or ‘Black Tower’) is today. It occurred to me prior to taking this shot that although the Black Tower has little to crow about when compared with the grand old lady who stood on the site previously, one of its advantages is that it has a highly reflective, glass surface. Add to that the fact that there are no tall structures interrupting the reflection on its face of the current hotel (thanks to the Robson Square, formerly Courthouse, property), and I realized that it makes a good canvas for a fantasy image of today’s Hotel Vancouver standing on the site of yesterday’s hotel.
This yesterday/today combo shows the current Hotel Vancouver (#3, on Georgia between Burrard and Hornby) and the much more interesting and beloved second incarnation of the hotel (at Georgia between Granville and Howe), where today looms the ‘black tower’, aka TD Tower. In the 1931 image, you can just make out the Birks Clock on the southeast corner of Georgia and Granville (in front of what was then Birks and what today is the much less imaginative structure that houses London Drugs. The 2014 photo of the current HV shows green netting around part of the current HV; they are giving the building a face-lift.
These images, of St Francis in the lane adjacent to Holy Rosary Cathedral, were made a couple of years apart: the first, ca 2012; the second, 2014. In 2012, Francis was caged within a wire enclosure. I found him liberated from the wire when I returned to take the 2014 photo. I cannot be sure of it, but it looks as though his liberty came at a price – several of the fingers were broken off in 2014 (I don’t recall that being the case in 2012, but I cannot prove it; I didn’t include his hands in the earlier image).
These images were taken from roughly the same location. In both, the photographer was facing south in a back lane just north of Water Street in Gastown and opposite what once was known as Homer Street Arcade and today is called Le Magasin (332 Water). For another view of the 2014 scene, see this posting on the “Van Photos” site.
This green space on the outskirts of downtown today is known as Andy Livingstone Park. From 1915-1960s, the first Georgia Viaduct would have cut across the southern section of where the park is today. Before the artificial turf of the athletic grounds, there were rails and an ‘industrial park’. The northeastern False Creek rail flats, part of which are still in existence today (southeast of the park), extended into this region during most of the 20th century and, indeed, were part of the reason that the early Viaduct was constructed.
The following extended passage from a 2011 City of Vancouver Transportation report is helpful in putting the present into historical context:
The first Georgia viaduct, completed in 1915, was built to connect the eastern part of the City to the Downtown core. The railway yards and industrial area below created a barrier and the viaduct created a way to remove this barrier with a relatively flat connection to the bluff of the downtown.
Due to structural problems and ongoing maintenance issues Vancouver residents voted to replace the viaduct in the 60’s with a design that included two structures and continued to pass over the industrial lands of Northeast False Creek below. This viaduct design was based on it becoming the first phase of a larger freeway network that was planned.
In the late 1960s opposition led to the rejection of the freeway plan for Vancouver and today the only remnant of the freeway proposal is the eastern portion of the viaducts.
Today the area around the viaducts has a much different context then when they were built. The railway yards have been removed and the industrial areas are no longer present. They still provide a gently sloping east/west connection from Main Street to the downtown which provides a good connection for bikes and goods movement that is not present otherwise in this area, however they create a barrier for the area below and for linkages between Chinatown, Gastown and Strathcona to False Creek.
The image below is one made by professional photographer, Jack Lindsay, probably sometime between 1940-48 of part of the rail yards beneath the first Georgia Viaduct.
It is very difficult to remember that events now in the past were once in the future – Maitland's Dictum