Familiar. . . Yet Different

CVA 800-2000 desc in progr
CVA 800-2000 “Description in Progress”. (900 block Granville, South of Smithe; ca 1970-72).

Although the City of Vancouver Archives (CVA) – the source of this image –  apparently isn’t satisfied that all necessary details of the image are pinned down (its title as of the publication of this post is “Description in Progress”), it appears to be a northward view of downtown Vancouver taken from about the middle of the 900 block on the east side of Granville St (downtown), circa 1970-72.

Out of what hat did I pull the date for the image? From the construction in the background of the photo of the TD Tower (at the time, the “Stock Exchange Tower”, 700 West Georgia), finished 1972. The Tower stands on the site of the second Hotel Vancouver (1916-49) – HV#2 was the most stunningly beautiful of all three HVs, in my judgement (the third and current HV is three blocks west, at Burrard and Georgia). HV#2 was pulled down in 1949, after which the lot sat vacant for 20 years until construction began on the TD Tower, aka the “Dark Tower”, a derisive nickname that stuck partly due to the dark, reflective glass with which it was clad and partly to the sharp contrast between its appearance and that of the earlier - and still much-loved – occupant of the lot. (1)

Most of the structures on the west side of Granville remain intact south of Smithe (the corner where the House of Stein stereo shop/Gresham Hotel appear), although most of those that are visible have  different tenants, today. One of the most notable of these is the Studio Theatre ( prior to the time of this image, the “Eve” adult cinema; after the time of this image, the “Paradise” second-run film spot; and today, “Joe’s Apartment” nightclub). However, the most distinctive feature of the building – its neon signage – is, unfortunately, lost.

(1)  A possible  confirmation of my approximate date of 1970-72 for this photo may be seen in the billboard of the Vogue Theatre (partly visible on the right mid-way up the photo). A Rock Hudson flick called Hornets’ Nest was released in 1970, and could be the name of the first film in the double feature then playing at the Vogue.


Jack Peach

ca1943 CVA 586-1696 - Jack Peach CBR [station announcer] Coltman & Colmer .jpg
CVA 586-1696 – An early photo of Jack Peach with CBC (Vancouver) affiliate, CBR. Serving as station announcer ca 1943. Seffans-Colmer photo.
peach_jack2 http-::www.vancouverbroadcasters.com:peach_jack2.jpg
Jack Peach. From: http://www.vancouverbroadcasters.com

Jack Peach (1913-93) was, I now realize, an  important early influence on my love of historical subjects. Growing  up in southern Alberta, my bedroom radio was typically tuned to CBC Calgary in the morning and I remember hearing Jack Peach’s historical features pertaining to Calgary and wider Alberta history.

It turns out that although Peach was born, raised and educated in Calgary (and in England), Peach got his first  (non-freelance) radio job with CBC in Vancouver starting in 1937.  This link from 1939 pertains to what was then a remarkable piece of news – the first overnight mail flight from Victoria to Montreal. The flight was with the national airline, Trans-Canada Airlines (now Air Canada) and took  a total of just under 16 hours. And CBC Vancouver’s intrepid reporter, Jack Peach, was aboard.

8989891454Peach produced at least three books pertaining to Alberta heritage topics: Peach Preserves, Peach Cordial, and Peach Melba.

If you are interested in hearing one of his later radio features, here is one, pertaining to Western Canadian author, W. O. Mitchell.


The Helliwells

CVA 371-744 – [Interior of residence at 916 Cardero Street] Hindmark (sic; should be Hindmarsh) & Rowlston (sic; should be Rowlstone)  photo, ca 1908.
This image shows an interior room of the home at 916 Cardero Street in Vancouver in about 1908. The BC directory for that year indicates that this was the home of John F(rederic) Helliwell. (An exterior photo of the home appears at the end of this post. It was taken a few years later, sometime probably in the early 19-teens).

John F. Helliwell (1871-1958) received training in accountancy at Liverpool Institute. He left Britain for Toronto in 1890, where he married his second cousin, Rowena Helliwell. They came to Vancouver in 1897 where he became a partner in the firm of Clarkson, Cross & Helliwell and later founded Helliwell, Moore & MacLachlan (later simply called Helliwell MacLachlan). The firm was located at first in the Molson’s Bank Building (northeast corner Seymour at Hastings; no longer standing). It moved in 1914 to the still-standing, gothic-revival Yorkshire (aka Seymour) Building at 525 Seymour, and made a final move to the Marine Building in 1939.

John Frederic and Rowena Helliwell lived in their Cardero Street home with their two daughters and one son, John Leedom, until the outbreak of the Great War. When war was declared, the Helliwells moved to the U.K. where JFH served in the army as a senior administrative officer, running camps in the U.K. and Egypt.

After the war, the Helliwells returned to Vancouver and resided in a home at 4750 Belmont Ave. (in which, apparently, Lawren Harris later resided) which they rented from former Vancouver Mayor, William Malkin. They moved to 1799 Cedar Crescent in the 1920s and to JFH’s final residence at 7936 Angus Drive in the 1940s. With the exception of the Cardero Street house, all of the homes occupied by J. F. Helliwell stand today.

John Leedom Helliwell (1904-80), John Frederic’s son, ultimately trained in accountancy and joined his father’s firm. John Leedom, and his eldest son, David Helliwell (1935-93) each, in turn, became FCAs (John Leedom’s younger son, John Forbes Helliwell pursued an academic career as professor of Economics at UBC).

John Leedom Helliwell and his family spent their first vacation following WWII at Acton Farm at St. John Point on Hornby Island. JLH and his family were so enchanted with the beauty of the place that he was moved to purchase the property later the same year (1945).

In 1966, John Leedom Helliwell donated 3,000 hectares of this waterfront land to the people of B.C. It is known as Helliwell Provincial Park.

CVA 371-741 - [Exterior of residence at 916 Cardero Street]
CVA 371-741 – [Exterior of residence at 916 Cardero Street], 191-. [I suspect that the children in this image are the three Helliwell kids: John Leedom Helliwell and his younger and older sisters].

I am indebted to generous assistance with many details in this post from John Forbes Helliwell, Professor Emeritus (Economics), University of British Columbia.

UBC’s Main Library (aka Barber Learning Centre) as it Was

UBC 1.1/1080. “Showing army huts south of the Library”. 1948.

If this view of the UBC Main Library (today known as the Irving K. Barber Learning Centre) seems strange, it shouldn’t be surprising. It has been awhile since the library building and environs have appeared this way. The camera was situated roughly where the SUB (student union building) is today. The main entrance of the library isn’t visible. The windows on the right side of the photo are where the stacks were located and the windows were on the opposite side of the building from where the main entry was.

If that still isn’t clear, try this: Imagine you are standing near where the clock tower is today; you are facing the library’s main entrance. The wing of the library on your right is where the temporary army huts are located in this image.

A Few Names to Faces at Lynn Valley Picnic, 1888

1888 - Port P334 - [Church picnic at Lynn Valley]  Group portrait showing Miss Sentell, J.H. Carlisle, Miss Slade (Mrs. F.W. Sentell), F.W. Sentell, Mr. Beckett, Mr. Hooper and others
CVA Port P334 – “Church picnic at Lynn Valley” shows “Miss Sentell, J.H. Carlisle, Miss Slade (Mrs. F.W. Sentell), F.W. Sentell, Mr. Beckett, Mr. Hooper and others”.
The image above was made by  an unknown photographer in 1888. It is unclear just what brought this group together, but what seems clear is that they are on a picnic and (according to CVA) the location of the picnic is Lynn Valley. Just how this group of predominantly women got to Lynn Valley from the city of Vancouver in 1888, dressed in their finery, I cannot say. If the photo had been taken, say, in 1907, it would not have been so hard to conceive - they would have taken the regular ferry over to Lonsdale (North Vancouver) and then climbed aboard the Lynn Valley trolly bus. How they got to Lynn Valley before the turn of the 20th century, however, I don’t know.

CVA identifies a few of the picnicers, but (unfortunately) doesn’t point out where they were in the crowd. I may be able to help with that:

  • “Mr. Hooper” seems to be Tom Hooper, who (according to the 1888 city directory) worked at the Vancouver Harness Shop on Oppenheimer Street (today’s East Cordova). Hooper is the tall, bearded fellow who is standing at the far back of the group. He seems to have caught a good-sized fish (a salmon?) which he’s holding by its mouth.
  • “F. W. Sentell” appears to be the fellow in the black overcoat seated on the front right (child in lap). Frederick W. Sendell  was one of a family of six  - four brothers (Frederick, George, Alfred, and Ephrian) and two sisters (Ann and Charlotte). Fred and his brothers were involved in a family business called “Sentell Bros.” They were building contractors and were responsible for building, among other structures, the first Vancouver City Hall. Frederick also served a brief term as a city alderman.
  • “Miss Sentell” is, I believe, the younger of the two Sentell female siblings, Charlotte; she almost certainly is the child in F.W. Sentell’s lap.
  • “Miss Slade” is, I believe, the young woman lower right, seated just behind Mr. Sentell. It seems that at the time this photo was taken, she was Miss Alice Slade; she later married F. W. Sentell.
  • “J. H. Carlisle” was a founding member of First Baptist Church (then located in a tiny building on Westminster – now called “Main” – Street); he was the third chief of the Vancouver Fire Brigade. John Carlisle appears to be the fellow seated behind Miss Slade (right, roughly third row).
  • I’m not sure where “Mr. Beckett” is in the photo. My best guess is that he is the fellow seated (unenviably) next to Hooper’s fish. John Beckett was (according to the city directory) a painter and the secretary of the Fire Brigade.
  • In my opinion, the most intriguing person in this photo is likely also likely to have the most enduring question mark surrounding his identity: the black gent who is lounging with apparent comfort partly in the laps of two of the white ladies in this photograph. Even the exceptional (in every way) Joe Fortes faced racial discrimination in early Vancouver. That the fellow in this image was apparently able to pose with such ease and even (am I imagining this?) with a twinkle in his eye, in 1888, is remarkable! His identity seems lost, however.

Whether the event was in fact a church picnic (as is suggested by the CVA record) seems to me to be an open question. Indeed, CVA seems to hedge its bets by showing in the “Related Subjects” column in this record “Religious Groups – Baptist” and “Religious Groups – Methodist”. It seems to me possible that this picnic was a group of churchgoers who were meeting for a reason that crossed denominational/doctrinal boundaries – temperance, for example. Indeed, just one year later, the First Temperance Convention (see second page of image plates following p. 10, These Sixty Years: 1887-1947 by W. M. Carmichael) would be held at First Baptist Church’s new building (corner Hamilton at Dunsmuir). Perhaps the image above shows an informal picnic gathering of a few of the likeminded individuals who would gather in larger numbers, more formally, a year later for the temperance convention.

“Just like the money in a Canada Savings Bond.”

MI-186 - Bing Goes Bang - In Vancouver
CVA M1-186. Screen capture from “BIng Goes Bang”, a news reel of Canada Paramount News. Shows Bing Crosby receiving the key to Vancouver from Acting Mayor George C. Miller, [1948].
Famous American crooner, Bing Crosby, drove a Caterpillar earth mover for the groundbreaking ceremony in 1948 of the Sunset Memorial Community Centre in south Vancouver. Crosby came to the city to record his Philco radio show as a fundraiser for the centre at the request of Vancouver native son and World Welterweight Champion (1933-35), Jimmy McLarnin. Some 8000 people attended the taping of the show, thereby raising $26,000 for construction of the community centre. Crosby returned the following year for the Centre’s opening, and performed for an audience of 1,500.

BC waving from Cate#1C9F809
CVA M1-186. Screen capture from “BIng Goes Bang”, a news reel of Canada Paramount News. Shows Bing Crosby on a Caterpillar earth mover preparing to break ground for Sunset Memorial Community Centre, [1948].
A new Sunset Community Centre (Memorial was dropped from the name of the new centre) was opened in 2008 (Bing Thom, architect) to replace the one opened by Crosby in 1950.

At the conclusion of the newsreel produced by Canada Paramount News (an arm of Paramount Pictures), Crosby sinks a golf ball into a hole, mugs for the camera and says, a bit glibly, “Just like money in the bank. Or as the folks in Canada say, Just like the money in a Canada Savings Bond.”

To listen to the Philco show taped in Vancouver (complete with today-questionable jokes pertaining to Crosby’s induction as an honorary chief of the Squamish people – Chief Thundervoice) , go here.

When Hudson Street Boomed (Sequel): Eburne Hotel

Screen shot 2014-07-07 at 6.07.08 AM
Cropped version of CVA LGN 994. (See full image in previous posting for more details).

The Eburne Hotel, which appears in yesterday’s image (with that section of the photo enlarged, above) seemed, at first blush, unlikely to be mysterious and very likely to help with dating the photograph. After all, the name of the hotel is plainly evident and it was pretty clear to me where on 4th [Hudson] Street it was located (east side, north of Eburne Ave [Marine Dr]). But getting the Eburne Hotel to give up much other information proved to be a chore.

Historical building permit info, it seems, is unavailable prior to 1912, and so I have not found any details as to when the Hotel Eburne was originally built. (The final listing I found for an “Eburne Hotel” in BC Directories was in 1923.)

However, there was an item about renovations to the hotel in an August, 1912 issue of the Daily Building Record (a newspaper issued for readers in the construction businesses). The notice indicated that the Eburne Hotel would be erecting a “40 ft. in depth” addition to the existing hotel, “doubling the present size of the buffet, dining-room, kitchen and store-rooms. The addn. is of frame const. and a genl contr. has been let to Waddell & Reese, Eburne”. That was was a major renovation; since it happened in 1912, there was a record of it in the Historical Building Permits records. It showed that the estimated cost of the reno was $2700 – no small sum at that time. The Daily Building Record also mentioned that the proprietor of the hotel was A. G. Halstead. (I could find precious little on Mr Halstead, except that there was someone of this name from Eburne who was a lacrosse umpire in the early 19-teens in the Lower Mainland and that his first name in all likelihood was “Albert”, since he was referred to as “Bert” by his lacrosse colleagues.)

There were a couple other potential clues to chase down that might help with the date of the image. One was the note beneath the Eburne Hotel sign that the establishment was a “Vancouver Autoists Popular Hotel”. It appears that Vancouver Autoists was an early automobile club; the Vancouver Autoists were most likely a branch of a larger U.S. operation. I could find nothing in BC Directories or anywhere else (so far) that would confirm this or help with dating the photo.

Research into P. Frazier & Co.’s real estate business, which seemed to share some of the space in the hotel, proved to be more fruitful. By tracking appearances of P. Frazier’s Real Estate office in Eburne in BC Directories, I found that Frazier had offices on 4th Street from 1911 through 1913. The business did not appear to exist in Eburne before 1911 nor after 1913. In the 1914 directory, however, there was a listing for a Percy Frasier (note spelling difference) who was an agent with Mutual LIfe Insurance Co. I strongly suspect that Percy Frasier, insurance agent is the same person as had been P. Frazier, real estate agent in Eburne the year before. But whether or not the men are the same is moot; the critical point for our dating project is that Frazier’s real estate office disappears from the Eburne Hotel after 1913.

I’d say that it wouldn’t be an outrageous estimate, in light of this research, therefore, to conclude that the image was made ca1912.

When Hudson Street Boomed

191- LGN 994 - [View of Hudson Street, looking south toward the Eburne Railway Station]
CVA LGN 994: View of Hudson St (at the time of this image, known as 4th St., aka Bridge St.), looking south toward Eburne Railway Station (on Eburne Ave, now Marine Dr), 191-.
Those familiar with the Vancouver neighbourhood of Marpole may be surprised that this is a view of neither Granville nor Oak Streets (the principal north/south thoroughfares, today), but rather what currently is the relatively sleepy Hudson Street (near Marine Dr). The image appears to have been taken, facing south, at or near what today is known as 73rd Ave on Hudson Street.

When Europeans began to settle the area the 1860s, it became known as Eburne after Harry Eburne, the first storekeeper and postmaster in the vicinity. It became important to distinguish ‘Eburne’ on the mainland (what is now called Marpole) from the ‘Eburne’ on Sea Island – where Mr Eburne ultimately moved (apparently, taking the name of the settlement along with him). To help distinguish the Sea Island Eburne from the Mainland Eburne, the latter became known as Eburne Station and, by 1916, as Marpole (after CPR executive, Richard Marpole).

CVA believes that this image was taken sometime in the 19-teens. I’d narrow it down a bit — to the early years of the decade, prior to WWI. What leads me to that conclusion? The large structure mid-frame, in the image above. I believe this was the Grand Central Hotel. It appears to be just on the verge of opening for business (I detect neither window treatments nor furniture in the lobby area). The following note claims that the Grand Central was built in 1912 and relates a couple of interesting details about later uses of the property: In 1912, during optimistic and prosperous times, the Grand Central Hotel was built on the northeast corner of Hudson and Marine. The owners went bankrupt and in 1917 the hotel was refurbished and reopened as the Provincial Home for Incurables. The home, which catered primarily to elderly tuberculosis patients, was torn down in the 60s. The only remaining building, the staff house, is used as a community corrections facility. Today, The Retro condo building occupies the site.

The building across Hudson St from the Grand Central Hotel is, I suspect, Paton’s Books. It was owned by James A. Paton (publisher of the Point Grey Gazette - what would become today’s Courier newspaper). This paragraph is from a profile of Paton’s life:  Paton used his newspaper to promote his other business: Paton’s Book Store. A 1912 edition of the Gazette contains a full-page ad for the shop, located on Fourth Street (modern Hudson Street) in Eburne. The store sold “books, stationery, fancy goods and novelties” as well as picnic and camping supplies, sports equipment, toys and games, brassware and china. It also featured a lending library with more than 150 titles. I am assuming that there was not more than one shop in Eburne at the time that traded in toys; and I see that “Toys” are advertised on the end of the awning of the building I’m calling Paton’s Books.

With the construction of the Oak Street Bridge in the 1950s, Marpole became less town-like and became more truly a bedroom community. It gradually became dominated by rental apartments that offered temporary and relatively inexpensive housing for UBC students and seniors on tight budgets. Since the 1990s, however, the neighbourhood increasingly has seen the older rental blocks demolished and replaced with for-purchase condos.

Hastings Street Scene (1904)

IMG_6701  1904 CVA 1376-721 - Hastings Street west of Cambie [Street]  PTT Photo.jpg
CVA 1376-721 Hastings Street west of Cambie Street, 1904. Philip Timms photo
This is one of my favourite images by Philip Timms. The two ladies (sisters?) in the centre foreground may have been just leaving Paterson Shoe Co. (according to the BC Directory of 1904, that was the shoemaker’s establishment just behind them – what is now the pot-smoking haven, New Amsterdam Cafe). Or perhaps they’d paid a visit to Frederick Buscombe’s crockery shop or B. F. Armstrong, jeweller. The gent in the right foreground might have been into Vancouver Hardware to see what was new; or maybe he had been in Harry Jacobs’ cigar shop to stock up on smokes.

There were also two professional photographers who called the north side of the 300 block of West Hastings ‘home’: Howard King (303) and the Wadds Bros (337). King and George Wadds (along with his brother, David, for a relatively brief period) were principally portrait photographers, and so studio space was essential for them.

Another business on the block, Thomson Stationery was important for the likes of Timms (and other street and landscape photographers) who relied on sales in stationery shops of printed postcards of his photos. Shops such as Thomson’s sold, in addition to stationery, frames, photographic prints, postcards, and books.

I’m showing a couple of portraits by Howard King and the Wadds Bros. below. Philip Timms concentrated his photographic talents on producing street scenes, thereby combining the skills of a landscape photographer (like those of the remarkably able professional photo pioneer, S. J. Thompson, for whom Timms worked before going on his own) with those of a portrait photographer.

ca1900 CVA 586-18 - Chief - Cree Indian, Howard King photo
CVA 586-18 – Chief, Cree Indian [It is a pity that the name of this native chief wasn't preserved with his image; I'm nearly certain that this is Chief Piapot (Cree/Assiniboine), who lived 1816-1908], ca 1900. Howard King photo.
1909 CVA 1413-4 - Velma Beryl Kipp, wadds bros photo
CVA 1413-4 – Velma Beryl Kipp, 1909. Wadds Bros photo.

PET at MOA: 1976

UBC Library Digital Collections. Trudeau tours Museum of Anthropology June 1976 (Also in image: Douglas Kenny (UBC President 1975-83), left, and Arthur Erickson (MOA Architect), right.

I’ve been remembering, recently, the dominant national political personality during my formative years, Pierre Elliot Trudeau. I could not find any images of Trudeau in the City of Vancouver Archives, but I found this rather good photo in UBC Library’s Digital Collection of his June 1976 visit to UBC. Here, he is visiting UBC shortly after the official opening of the Museum of Anthropology’s new facility (along with UBC President, Douglas Kenny, and MOA architect, Arthur Erickson). I think the main reason he was in town was for the June 1976 UN Habitat Forum. Trudeau made at least two trips to Vancouver in 1976. He had also been to UBC in February for the opening ceremonies of the new TRIUMF building.

If you would like to engage in a bit of time travel, below are three links to CBC’s digital archive collection that pertain to PET. First, here is a CBC Radio episode from 1957 (more than a decade before PET became national Liberal Party leader) called “Fighting Words” (complete with the today-bizarre remarks by the host pertaining to ‘civilizing the Eskimos’). This quiz show hosted by Nathan Cohen tested guests’ knowledge of quotations. In this episode, guest panelists included Trudeau and (ultimately) his nemesis, Rene Levesque. But political careers were in the future; at the time, Levesque and Trudeau were both journalists. Second, here is a report on the night of PET’s first majority win in 1974 (after limping along with a minority government for two years). Maggie Trudeau has a cameo. And, finally, this is a salute to PET’s passion for foreign affairs: a report on his trip in 1973 to the People’s Republic of China, including a visit with the ‘Great Helmsman‘ (who would die in 1976, leaving in his wake the messy succession problems  - remember the ‘Gang of Four‘? – which typically occur when dictators die).

Happy Dominion (er. . . Canada) Day!

View from 1220 Homer 1967 CVA EH Reksten 2010-006.007
CVA 2010-006.007 View from 1220 Homer July 1967 – E H Reksten photo.

This is a view from 1220 Homer (Yaletown) made by Ernie Reksten on a ‘holiday Monday’, July 3, 1967. The holiday was Dominion Day (known as Canada Day since 1982), and most Canadians should be able to deduce from the year this image was taken (and also from the “100″ atop the BC Hydro headquarters) that it was the 100th anniversary year of Canada’s confederation.

Yaletown and the area west of the then warehouse district has certainly changed over the intervening 47 years, but some landmarks are still present. The then-Hydro (now Electra) building still stands (background, right side of image), dwarfing the towers of its two neighbourong churches  - St Andrews-Wesley United (1933) and First Baptist (1910). I suspect (but cannot yet be certain) that the Ramada Inn structure is on the site of what is today the Holiday Inn Downtown (1110 Howe). The dark structure apparently on Granville near Davie is unknown to me. The Canadian Linen Supply structure has, fortunately, been retained in all of its industrial art deco glory; the anchor of the building, now, is a grocer. The garage in foreground (of a design sympathetic to Canadian Linen) is the Uptown Service Garage, part of the British American Petroleum family of service stations. The street running in front of Canadian Linen and the garage is Davie and the cross street mid-way up the image is Richards. The lovely street lamps are long gone from Davie, sadly, as are the home and the brick building adjacent to it. I haven’t established, yet, what business(es) made the brick building home in 1967.

Whether you grew up (and remain more comfortable with) the Dominion Day designation or if you are a bit younger and have no recollection of July 1st being anything other than Canada Day, may one and all have a good day today celebrating the privileges we enjoy of sharing life in this nation. Care to join me in a rousing rendition of “Canada” (1967)?

CPR Right-of-Way from Gastown to Yaletown Railyards

1935 GF N3 - [C.P.R. right of way between Cordova and Carrall Streets]
CVA GF N3 – CPR Right of way between Cordova and Carrall Streets, 1935.

I find this image of one of my favourite sections of Vancouver in mid-depression (1935) to be very evocative of the people of the neighbourhood and of the period: the ragtag bulletin board on the left of the image beneath the sign advertising the Oyster Bay Cafe (300 E Carrall); the fellow sitting meditatively on the stump adjacent to the battery ad; the litter lying all over the place. Few of the buildings visible in the image continue to exist today, as far as I can tell. The Crystal Cafe (15 E Cordova) appears to have been a good place to stop for coffee!

1900 – 4th of 4: Looking North(west)

Langlois North

 This is the last of four Vancouver images made by Albert Langlois in 1900. This one looks to what AL refers to as “north”; what I’d call “northwest”. In any case, it’s another fine photograph of Vancouver as it was in July 1900. I’ve done my best to annotate this image as accurately as I can (and to be honest — with the inclusion of a question mark — when I’m not certain about something). If you can establish that I’ve made an error in the annotations of this image or any other (or for that matter in any of these postings, please “comment” and alert me to it.


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